Skip to content

BinaryFile Field Type

This Field Type represents and handles a single binary file. It also counts the number of times the file has been downloaded from the content/download module.

It is capable of handling virtually any file type and is typically used for storing legacy document types such as PDF files, Word documents, spreadsheets, etc. The maximum allowed file size is determined by the "Max file size" class attribute edit parameter and the upload_max_filesize directive in the main PHP configuration file (php.ini).

Name Internal name Expected input Output
BinaryFile ezbinaryfile mixed mixed

PHP API Field Type

Value Object


Note that both BinaryFile and Media Value and Type inherit from the BinaryBase abstract Field Type, and share common properties.

eZ\Publish\Core\FieldType\BinaryFile\Value offers the following properties:

Attribute Type Description Example
id string Binary file identifier. This ID depends on the IO Handler that is being used. With the native, default handlers (FileSystem and Legacy), the ID is the file path, relative to the binary file storage root dir (var/<vardir>/storage/original by default). application/63cd472dd7.pdf
fileName string The human-readable file name, as exposed to the outside. Used when sending the file for download in order to name the file. 20130116_whitepaper.pdf
fileSize int File size, in bytes. 1077923
mimeType string The file's MIME type. application/pdf
uri string The binary file's content/download URI. If the URI doesn't include a host or protocol, it applies to the request domain. /content/download/210/2707
downloadCount integer Number of times the file was downloaded 0
inputUri string Path to a local file when creating a field value, null when reading a field value path/to/document.pdf

Constructor's hash format

The hash format mostly matches the value object. It has the following keys:

Key Status Type Description
inputUri mandatory string Path to the local file to be uploaded into the field.
id deprecated string Backward compatibility alias for inputUri.
path deprecated string Backward compatibility alias for inputUri.
fileName optional string Name of the file when downloaded. If not given, the basename of inputUri is used
fileSize optional integer Size of the file in bytes. If not given, the size of the inputUri target file is used.
downloadCount optional integer Number of times the file was downloaded. If not given, set to 0 (zero).
mimeType ignored
uri ignored


$fileContentCreateStruct->setField('file', new eZ\Publish\Core\FieldType\BinaryFile\Value([
    'fileName' => 'example.pdf',
    'inputUri' => '/tmp/example_for_website.pdf',

The original local file name example_for_website.pdf is forgotten. When downloaded, the filename is example.pdf.

To use a remote file, you have to download it locally first, then remove it after it's used in ContentService::createContent.

REST API specifics

Used in the REST API, a BinaryFile Field will mostly serialize the hash described above. However there are a couple specifics worth mentioning.

Reading content: url property

When reading the contents of a Field of this type, an extra key is added: url. This key gives you the absolute file URL, protocol and host included.


Creating content: data property

When creating BinaryFile content with the REST API, it's possible to provide data as a base64 encoded string, by using the data fieldValue key:

        <value key="fileName">My file.pdf</value>
        <value key="fileSize">17589</value>