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Step 3 — Customize the front page

In this step you will create the global layout of your site, and display content using custom templates.

First, go to the root of the site (<yourdomain>). You should now see the home page of the clean install, without any kind of layout. You will customize this step by instructing Platform to use a custom template to render this Content item.

Content rendering configuration

To use a custom template when rendering the root content, create a content_view configuration block for ezplatform.

Edit config/packages/ezplatform.yaml. Add the following block under site while paying attention to indentation - content_view should be one level below site:

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ezplatform:
    system:
        site:
            content_view:
                full:
                    home_page:
                        template: full/home_page.html.twig
                        match:
                            Id\Location: 2

This tells Ibexa Platform to use the template when rendering content with Location ID 2. 2 is the default Location for the root Content item.

Id\Location is one of several view matchers that you can use to customize rendering depending on different criteria.

Clear the cache

Each time you change the YAML files, you should clear the cache. It's not mandatory in dev environment.

To clear the cache:

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$ php bin/console cache:clear

Create template and layout

Create the first template

Next, you need to create the template that you indicated in configuration.

For the time being, fill the template with a basic "Hello world" message.

Create a home_page.html.twig file in templates/full/:

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<div>
    <h1>Hello World!</h1>
</div>

Refresh the page and you will see a simple, unstyled version of the message.

Add the site's main layout

Most sites have a general layout which includes things like header with a logo or footer. It is displayed on every page, and the content of the page is placed inside it.

To add a template like this to your site, create a main_layout.html.twig file in templates/ and paste the following code into it:

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <meta name="description" content="Ibexa Platform beginner tutorial">

    <title>Ibexa Platform Beginner Tutorial</title>

    <script src="{{ asset('bundles/ezplatformadminuiassets/vendors/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js') }}"></script>

    {{ encore_entry_link_tags('tutorial') }}

    <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Oswald' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
    <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto+Slab' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
    <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Fjalla+One' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
</head>

<body>
<!-- Navigation -->
<nav class="navbar navbar-default navbar-fixed-top" id="total-navbar">
    <div class="container">
        <!-- Brand and toggle -->
        <div class="navbar-header page-scroll">
            <a class="navbar-brand" href="/">
                <img alt="Brand" src="{{ asset('../assets/images/logo.png') }}">
            </a>
        </div>
    </div>
</nav>

<!-- Header -->
<header class="below-navbar">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row" id="banner">
            <div class="col-xs-12">
                <div class="banner-header-block">
                    <img alt="Go Bike! logo" src="{{ asset('../assets/images/wordmark.png') }}" style="width:100%" />
                    <h3 class="banner-header">{{ 'Discover new rides! Go Bike!'|trans }}</h3>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</header>

<section>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row regular-content-size">
            <div class="col-xs-12 box-style">
                {% block content %}
                {% endblock %}
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</section>

<!-- Footer -->
<footer class="text-center">
    <div class="footer-color-one">
    </div>
    <div class="footer-color-two">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="row regular-content-size">
                <div class="col-xs-8 col-xs-offset-2 footer-links-block">
                    <ul class="list-inline footer-links">
                        <li><a href="#">{{ 'About Us'|trans }}</a></li>
                        <li><a href="/">{{ 'All Rides'|trans }}</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">{{ 'Submit a Ride'|trans }}</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">{{ 'My Account'|trans }}</a></li>
                        <li><a href="#">{{ 'FAQ'|trans }}</a></li>
                    </ul>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="footer-color-three">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col-xs-12">
                    <p class="small">Website design &#38; content © copyright {{ "now"|date("Y") }} Ibexa. This website was made with Ibexa Platform.</p>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</footer>

{{ encore_entry_script_tags('tutorial-js') }}

</body>
</html>

Note that in the highlighted lines (12 and 89) the template takes advantage of Symfony Webpack Encore. This tutorial will lead you through configuring Webpack, but first you need assets.

Adding assets

The site has no stylesheets or assets yet. You need to download assets.zip which contains the prepared asset files.

Then unpack its contents to the following directories:

  • css, fonts, and js folders to assets/
  • images folder to public/assets/

Before proceeding, ensure that the structure of the added files looks like this:

File structure

Configuring Webpack

In Ibexa Platform, you can add assets by using Symfony Webpack Encore — an integration of Webpack that enables you to build bundles of CSS stylesheets and JS scripts and add them to the project. For more details, see importing assets from a bundle.

To create bundles, first, indicate which files to include in them.

Open the webpack.config.js file located in the root folder of your project. Paste the following code right under // Put your config here:

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Encore
    .addStyleEntry('tutorial', [
        path.resolve(__dirname, './assets/css/normalize.css'),
        path.resolve(__dirname, './assets/css/bootstrap.min.css'),
        path.resolve(__dirname, './assets/css/bootstrap-theme.css'),
        path.resolve(__dirname, './assets/css/style.css')
    ])
    .addEntry('tutorial-js', [
        path.resolve(__dirname, './assets/js/bootstrap.min.js')
    ]);

Note that .addStyleEntry('tutorial', []) and .addEntry('tutorial-js', []) refer respectively to {{ encore_entry_link_tags('tutorial') }} and {{ encore_entry_script_tags('tutorial-js') }} from main_layout.html.twig. This configuration creates a bundle consisting of files to be added to a template.

At this point the bundles are created and ready to be used.

Extending templates

Now you have to add the main_layout.html.twig template that uses the assets to the home_page.html.twig template.

To add one template to another, edit templates/full/home_page.html.twig and replace it with the following code:

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{% extends "main_layout.html.twig" %}

{% block content %}
    <div class="col-xs-10 col-xs-offset-1 text-justified">
        <h1>Hello World!</h1>
    </div>
{% endblock %}

The templating language Twig supports template inheritance. Templates can contain named blocks. Any template can extend other templates, and modify the blocks defined by its parents.

The code above points to main_layout.html.twig in line 1. It also wraps your "Hello world" message in a content block. If you look back at the main layout template, you can see an empty {% block content %}{% endblock %} section (lines 52-53). This is where the home_page.html.twig will be rendered.

Clear the cache and regenerate the assets by running the following commands:

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php bin/console cache:clear
php bin/console assets:install
yarn encore prod

Refresh the page and you should see the "Hello world" placed inside a styled layout.

Homepage with a Hello world

At this point, the template is static. It does not render any dynamic data from the Repository.