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Image Field Type

The Image Field Type allows you to store an image file.

Name Internal name
Image ezimage

A variation service handles the conversion of the original image into different formats and sizes through a set of preconfigured named variations: large, small, medium, black and white thumbnail, etc.

PHP API Field Type

Value object

The value property of an Image Field returns an \eZ\Publish\Core\FieldType\Image\Value object with the following properties:

Properties
Property Type Example Description
id string 0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/image.png The image's unique identifier. Usually the path, or a part of the path. To get the full path, use the uri property.
alternativeText string Picture of an apple. The alternative text, as entered in the Field's properties.
fileName string image.png The original image's filename, without the path.
fileSize int 37931 The original image's size, in bytes.
uri string var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/image.png The original image's URI.
imageId string 240-1480 A special image ID, used by REST.
inputUri string var/storage/images/test/199-2-eng-GB/image.png Input image file URI.
width* int null Original image width in pixels. For more details see Caution note below.
height* int null Original image height in pixels. For more details see Caution note below.

Caution

Properties marked with an asterisk are currently unsupported. They are available but their value is always null.

Follow EZP-27987 for future progress on this issue.

Settings

This Field Type does not support settings.

Image Variations

Using the variation Service, variations of the original image can be obtained. They are \eZ\Publish\SPI\Variation\Values\ImageVariation objects with the following properties:

Property Type Example Description
width* int null The variation's width in pixels. For more details see Caution note below.
height* int null The variation's height in pixels. For more details see Caution note below.
name string medium The variation's identifier, name of the image alias.
info mixed n/a Extra information about the image, depending on the image type, such as EXIF data. If there is no information, the info value will be null.
fileSize int 31010 Size (in byte) of current variation.
mimeType string image/png The MIME type.
fileName string my_image.png The name of the file.
dirPath string var/storage/images/test/199-2-eng-GB The path to the file.
uri string var/storage/images/test/199-2-eng-GB/apple.png The variation's URI. Complete path with a name of image file.
lastModified DateTime "2017-08-282 12:20 Europe/Berlin" When the variation was last modified.

Caution

Properties marked with an asterisk are currently unsupported. They are available but their value is always null.

Follow EZP-27987 for future progress on this issue.

Field Definition options

The Image Field Type supports one FieldDefinition option: the maximum size for the file.

Note

Maximum size is rounded to 1 MB (legacy storage limitation).

Note

As the default value for maximum size is set to 10MB, we recommend setting the upload_max_filesize key in the php.ini configuration file to a value equal to or higher than that. It will prevent validation errors while editing Content Types.

Using an Image Field

To read more about handling images and image variations, see the Images documentation.

Template Rendering

When displayed using ez_render_field, an Image Field will output this type of HTML:

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<img src="var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/image_medium.png" width="844" height="430" alt="Alternative text" />

The template called by the ez_render_field() Twig function while rendering a Image Field accepts the following parameters:

Parameter Type Default Description
alias string "original" The image variation name, must be defined in your SiteAccess's image_variations settings. Defaults to "original", the originally uploaded image.
width int   n/a Optionally to specify a different width set on the image HTML tag then then one from image alias.
height int   n/a Optionally to specify a different height set on the image HTML tag then then one from image alias.
class string   n/a Optionally to specify a specific html class for use in custom JavaScript and/or CSS.

Example: 

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{{ ez_render_field( content, 'image', { 'parameters':{ 'alias': 'imagelarge', 'width': 400, 'height': 400 } } ) }}

The raw Field can also be used if needed. Image variations for the Field's content can be obtained using the ez_image_alias Twig helper:

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{% set imageAlias = ez_image_alias( field, versionInfo, 'medium' ) %}

The variation's properties can be used to generate the required output:

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<img src="{{ asset( imageAlias.uri ) }}" width="{{ imageAlias.width }}" height="{{ imageAlias.height }}" alt="{{ field.value.alternativeText }}" />

With the REST API

Image Fields within REST are exposed by the application/vnd.ez.api.Content media-type. An Image Field will look like this:

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<field>
    <id>1480</id>
    <fieldDefinitionIdentifier>image</fieldDefinitionIdentifier>
    <languageCode>eng-GB</languageCode>
    <fieldValue>
        <value key="inputUri">/var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/kidding.png</value>
        <value key="alternativeText"></value>
        <value key="fileName">kidding.png</value>
        <value key="fileSize">37931</value>
        <value key="imageId">240-1480</value>
        <value key="uri">/var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/kidding.png</value>
        <value key="variations">
            <value key="articleimage">
                <value key="href">/api/ezp/v2/content/binary/images/240-1480/variations/articleimage</value>
            </value>
            <value key="articlethumbnail">
                <value key="href">/api/ezp/v2/content/binary/images/240-1480/variations/articlethumbnail</value>
            </value>
        </value>
    </fieldValue>
</field>

Children of the fieldValue node will list the general properties of the Field's original image (fileSize, fileName, inputUri, etc.), as well as variations. For each variation, a URI is provided. Requested through REST, this resource will generate the variation if it doesn't exist yet, and list the variation details:

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<ContentImageVariation media-type="application/vnd.ez.api.ContentImageVariation+xml" href="/api/ezp/v2/content/binary/images/240-1480/variations/tiny">
  <uri>/var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB/kidding_tiny.png</uri>
  <contentType>image/png</contentType>
  <width>30</width>
  <height>30</height>
  <fileSize>1361</fileSize>
</ContentImageVariation>

From PHP code

Getting an image variation

The variation service, ezpublish.fieldType.ezimage.variation_service, can be used to generate/get variations for a Field. It expects a VersionInfo, the Image Field, and the variation name as a string (large, medium, etc.):

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$variation = $imageVariationHandler->getVariation(
    $imageField, $versionInfo, 'large'
);

echo $variation->uri;

Manipulating image content

From PHP

As for any Field Type, there are several ways to input content to a Field. For an Image, the quickest is to call setField() on the ContentStruct:

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$createStruct = $contentService->newContentCreateStruct(
    $contentTypeService->loadContentType( 'image' ),
    'eng-GB'
);

$createStruct->setField( 'image', '/tmp/image.png' );

In order to customize the Image's alternative texts, you must first get an Image\Value object, and set this property. For that, you can use the Image\Value::fromString() method that accepts the path to a local file:

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$createStruct = $contentService->newContentCreateStruct(
    $contentTypeService->loadContentType( 'image' ),
    'eng-GB'
);

$imageField = \eZ\Publish\Core\FieldType\Image\Value::fromString( '/tmp/image.png' );
$imageField->alternativeText = 'My alternative text';
$createStruct->setField( 'image', $imageField );

You can also provide a hash of Image\Value properties, either to setField(), or to the constructor:

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$imageValue = new \eZ\Publish\Core\FieldType\Image\Value(
    [
        'id' => '/tmp/image.png',
        'fileSize' => 37931,
        'fileName' => 'image.png',
        'alternativeText' => 'My alternative text'
    ]
);

$createStruct->setField( 'image', $imageValue );

From REST

The REST API expects Field values to be provided in a hash-like structure. Those keys are identical to those expected by the Image\Value constructor: fileName, alternativeText. In addition, image data can be provided using the data property, with the image's content encoded as base64.

Creating an Image Field

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ContentCreate>
    <!-- [...metadata...] -->

    <fields>
        <field>
            <id>247</id>
            <fieldDefinitionIdentifier>image</fieldDefinitionIdentifier>
            <languageCode>eng-GB</languageCode>
            <fieldValue>
                <value key="fileName">rest-rocks.jpg</value>
                <value key="alternativeText">HTTP</value>
                <value key="data"><![CDATA[/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEAZABkAAD/2wBDAAIBAQIBAQICAgICAgICAwUDAwMDAwYEBAMFBwYHBwcG
                    BwcICQsJCAgKCAcHCg0KCgsMDAwMBwkODw0MDgsMDAz/2[...]</value>
            </fieldValue>
        </field>
    </fields>
</ContentCreate>

Updating an Image Field

Updating an Image Field requires that you re-send existing data. This can be done by re-using the Field obtained via REST, removing the variations key, and updating alternativeText, fileName or data. If you do not want to change the image itself, do not provide the data key.

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<VersionUpdate>
    <fields>
        <field>
            <id>247</id>
            <fieldDefinitionIdentifier>image</fieldDefinitionIdentifier>
            <languageCode>eng-GB</languageCode>
            <fieldValue>
                <value key="id">media/images/507-1-eng-GB/Existing-image.png</value>
                <value key="alternativeText">Updated alternative text</value>
                <value key="fileName">Updated-filename.png</value>
            </fieldValue>
        </field>
    </fields>
</VersionUpdate>

Naming

Each storage engine determines how image files are named.

Legacy Storage Engine naming

Images are stored within the following directory structure:

<varDir>/<StorageDir>/<ImagesStorageDir>/<FieldId[-1]>/<FieldId[-2]>/<FieldId[-3]>/<FieldId[-4]>/<FieldId>-<VersionNumber>-<LanguageCode>/

With the following values:

  • VarDir = var (default)
  • StorageDirstorage (default)
  • ImagesStorageDir = images (default)
  • FieldId = 1480
  • VersionNumber = 1
  • LanguageCode = eng-GB

Images will be stored in web/var/ezdemo_site/storage/images/0/8/4/1/1480-1-eng-GB.

Using the Field ID digits in reverse order as the folder structure maximizes sharding of files through multiple folders on the filesystem.

Within this folder, images will be named like the uploaded file, suffixed with an underscore and the variation name:

  • MyImage.png
  • MyImage_large.png
  • MyImage_rss.png